Christopher Nolan’s blockbuster film Tenet is an intriguing tale of secret agents, but the film’s title conjures other secret worlds. Watch the video that takes you into the secrets behind the title.
Tenet: ten·et [/ˈtenət/] (noun)- a principle or belief, especially one of the main principles of a religion or philosophy. Originating from the Latin word tenere, meaning 'to hold or possess'.
It’s the surname of the man who ran the CIA during 9/11.
Tenet is also the central word of an ancient puzzle that was carved on a stone panel in the Roman city of Herculaneum; the puzzle was buried by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD.
The puzzle is known as a square palindrome: it can be read top-to-bottom, bottom-to-top, left-to-right, or right-to-left. Sator, arepo, tenet, opera, rotas. Rotate it 180 degrees and it can still be read all those ways.
Similar five-word puzzles created later came to be known as “Sator Squares” or “Rotas Squares,” and have been found at major Christian sites around the world, most notably at the magnificent Duomo di Siena.
What is the significance of these Sator Squares? Scholars have been intrigued by their meaning and existence for generations. The simple translation from Latin gives us, “A farmer (sator) named Arepo sustains (tenet) his wheels (rotas) for his works (Opera).” But why have these words been carved into the walls of major Christian sites and invoked for centuries as part of magic ceremonies?
If we dig deeper into other meanings, we can find more secrets and patterns within, and look at what happens when you start to rearrange the letters.
The puzzle contains eight Latin letters. Taking the outer consonants, S, T, R, and the central consonant N, alludes to Saturn, the Roman God of time, agriculture, and magic.
Opera, the Latin word for “works”, becomes opus in its singular form, suggesting Ops, the wife of Saturn and the Goddess of Earth, fertility and wealth.
Arepo can be seen as a Hebrew or Aramaic rendition of Alpha-Omega. These are first and last letters of the alphabet, signifying the beginning and the end.
Rearranging the letters in the sign of a cross creates PATER NOSTER, meaning our father - the first two words of The Lord’s Prayer - and leaves us with a repeated A (Alpha) and O (Omega).
In the bible, Jesus Christ declares: “I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.”
What other patterns and secrets can you discover? What future uses might we see for this mysterious word? Only time will tell.
The ability to decode and analyze puzzles are just two of the many valuable spy skills that we all possess.
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